Certain specific properties of compressed gases that makes them highly useful in our day today various research activities. These gases can cause dangerous harms if not handled in a proper manner. Many of the odorless and colorless gases would be highly toxic and flammable; this causes adverse effect of scenario in our homes.
Types of gases:
- Flammable gases burns or explodes if it gets mixed in the air, oxygen or the oxidant that is present in the source of ignition
- Inert gases are resistant to chemical actions under normal temperature and pressure conditions.
- Oxidizing gases supports combustion
- Pyrophoric gases spontaneously ignites upon exposure to air
- Corrosive gas can burn the body and destroy body tissues on contact. These gases also attack and corrode metals.
- Toxic gases is harmful to humans when it exceeds the maximum allowable concentration into the air.
|Flammable gases||Hydrogen, Methane, Ethylene, Ethane, Propylene, LPG|
|Inert gases||Argon, Helium, Neon and Nitrogen|
|Oxidizers||Oxygen and Nitrous Oxide|
|Pyrophoric gases||Silane and Phosphates|
|Toxic gases||Carbon Monoxide, Sulphur dioxide, Germane, Chlorine and Ammonia|
Hazardous in gas cylinder usage:
- Oxyen deficient atmosphere always results in asphyxiation.
- Formation of flammable gases air mixtures in the case of leakage of the flammable gases.
- Oxygen enriched atmosphere in case of leakage of oxygen gases.
- Injury occurs because of mishandling of gases cylinders in our homes.
- Exposure to high concentration of toxic or corrosive gases in case of leakages.
- Gas cylinders can explode to higher temperature (i.e) in case of fire.
- If the valve breaks out, the sudden release of compressed gases leads to lethal missile.
- Gas cylinders should be capped properly when they are not connected to the system or not in usage.
- Oxygen deficiency-Leakage of any gases except oxygen inside a enclosed/ confined space can cause displacement of oxygen resulting in an oxygen deficient atmosphere.
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- Enter into a workspace where the oxygen level is above 19.5% , if it is below the required percentage then it is unsafe and not permitted .
- Gas cylinders must be stored in a separate storage area outside the building, the storage area must be protected from the weather.
- Flammable gas cylinders must be separated from oxygen cylinders by a very distance of 6m or by a wall of 30 minutes fire resistance.
- Always refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the gas before its usage, to know about the precautions and hazardous.
- Do not tamper with cylinder valves.
- Always use the correct regulator for the gas cylinder do not use the wrong regulator if one does not have the required knowledge .
- Use safety glasses while working with the gas cylinders.
- Close the cylinder Valve:
- Work is completed.
- The gas cylinder is empty.